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The researchers say it is the most complete analysis to date of the outcomes associated with spanking, and more specific to the effects of spanking alone than papers, which included other types of physical punishment in their analyses.
Gershoff and co-author Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, an associate professor at the University of Michigan School of Social Work, found that spanking defined as an open-handed hit on the behind or extremities was ificantly linked with 13 of the 17 outcomes they examined, all in the direction of detrimental outcomes. Gershoff and Grogan-Kaylor tested for some long-term effects among adults who were spanked as children. The more they were spanked, the more likely they were to exhibit anti-social behavior and to experience mental health problems.
They were also more likely to support physical punishment for their own children, which highlights one of the key ways that attitudes toward physical punishment are passed from generation to generation. The researchers looked at a wide range of studies and noted that spanking was associated with negative outcomes consistently and across all types of studies, including those using the strongest methodologies such as longitudinal or experimental des.
Both spanking and physical abuse were associated with the same detrimental child outcomes in the same direction and nearly the same strength. Elizabeth Gershoff. Copy link. Explore Latest Articles.Spanked on a date
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